2Despite the wealth of cli-fi primary texts across all media, there has not yet been a comprehensive compilation of secondary sources facilitating the engagement with cli-fi in the environmental humanities. Our research bibliography aims to close this gap by providing an extensive, albeit necessarily fragmented and incomplete, pool of resources for scholars, educators, and the interested members of the public. This list extends from journalistic considerations of cli-fi texts and of the term itself to academic scholarship theorizing the generic and disciplinary implications of cli-fi for research and teaching, capturing the heterogeneity, productivity, and heteroglossia in the field. It is meant to provide a stepping stone into cli-fi’s diverse, at times hotly debated, conceptual trajectories, disciplinary appropriations, and ideological underpinnings. Up to now, there is no general agreement on how cli-fi is defined, and the same pertains to its conceptual frameworks, methodological approaches, and theories. Variously understood as merely an abbreviation for climate fiction, its own standalone literary and/or cultural genre, a subfield of science fiction, or a comprehensive concept for assessing the cultural production in the Anthropocene (to name but very few of the many current designations), cli-fi thus provides a momentum, instigating the (re)visitation of fundamental disciplinary questions—some of them novel, some of them long-established and intimately familiar, as we and our contributors discuss at greater length in regard to American Studies elsewhere (see Leikam and Leyda).
3As one of the most prolific generators, disseminators, and adaptors of literary and cultural texts, North America participates at the forefront in the recent spate of cli-fi. Even more importantly for American Studies, as one of the key fossil-fuel consumers with global political influence, North America, particularly the United States, features prominently in cli-fi narratives. To date, the Trump administration’s decidedly anti-environmentalist agenda, especially its stated intention to withdraw from the Paris Climate Accord, is further fueling the production of cli-fi and intensifying the scholarly and public attention paid to these texts. The next few years will certainly provide scholars and students in American Studies and related disciplines with rich ground for new research and classroom debate, calling for an even more rigorous scrutiny of the multiple contact points and interlockings between cli-fi and American Studies. As more scholars take up the topic in their work and as greater numbers of students enroll in courses centering on climate change, it is our intent to aid these endeavors in academic research, pedagogy, and outreach projects through the compilation of this secondary source bibliography of cli-fi.
This bibliography complements Susanne Leikam and Julia Leyda, eds. “‘What’s in a Name?’: Cli-Fi and American Studies.” Extended forum of Amerikastudien/American Studies 62.1 (2017): 109–38.
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—. Everyday Disasters: Rethinking Iconic Events in Cultural Perspective. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast P, 2014. Print.
Canavan, Gerry, and Kim Stanley Robinson, eds. Green Planets: Ecology and Science Fiction. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan, 2014. Print.
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Dixon, Wheeler Winston. Visions of the Apocalypse: Spectacles of Destruction in American Cinema. London: Wallflower, 2003. Print.
Dwyer, Jim. Where the Wild Books Are: A Field Guide to Ecofiction. Reno: U of Nevada P, 2010. Print.
Emmett, Robert, and Frank Zelko, eds. “Minding the Gap: Working across Disciplines in Environmental Studies.” Spec. issue of RCC Perspectives (2014). Web.
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Gaard, Greta. “From Cli-Fi to Critical Ecofeminism: Narratives of Climate Change and Climate Justice.” Contemporary Perspectives on Ecofeminism. Ed. Mary Phillips and Nick Rumens. New York: Routledge, 2015. 169–92. Print.
Gerhardt, Christine. “Beyond Climate Refugees: Nature, Risk and Migration in American Poetry.” Mayer and Weik von Mossner, The Anticipation of Catastrophe 139–59. Print.
—, and Christa Grewe-Volpp, eds. “Environmental Imaginaries on the Move: Nature and Mobility in American Literature and Culture.” Spec. issue of Amerikastudien/American Studies 61.4 (2016). Print.
Gerrard, Greg, ed. Teaching Ecocriticsm and Green Cultural Studies. Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2012. Print.
Ghosh, Amitav. The Great Derangement: Climate Change and the Unthinkable. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2016. Print.
Glass, Rodge. “Global Warning: The Rise of ‘Cli-Fi.’” Guardian 31 May 2013. Web.
Goodbody, Axel. “Risk, Denial and Narrative Form in Climate Change Fiction: Barbara Kingsolver’s Flight Behavior and Ilija Trojanow’s Melting Ice.” Mayer and Weik von Mossner, The Anticipation of Catastrophe 59-58. Print.
Grusin, Richard, ed. The Nonhuman Turn. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2015. Print.
Heise, Ursula K. “Plasmatic Nature: Environmentalism and Animated Film.” Public Culture 26.2 (2014): 301–18. Print.
—. Sense of Place and Sense of Planet: The Environmental Imagination of the Global. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008. Print.
—. “Terraforming for Urbanists.” Land and the Novel. Spec. issue of Novel: A Forum for Fiction 49.1 (2016): 10–25. Print.
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Howell, Ted. “On Teaching Cli-Fi (and a Call for Utopian Cli-Fi).” Medium 28 July 2015. Web.
Huber, Matthew. Lifeblood: Oil, Freedom, and the Forces of Capital. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2013. Print.
Huggan, Graham. Nature’s Saviors: Celebrity Conservationists in the Television Age. London: Routledge, 2013. Print.
Ingram, David. Green Screen: Environmentalism and Hollywood Cinema. Exeter: U of Exeter P, 2000. Print.
Ivakhiv, Ivan. Ecologies of the Moving Image: Cinema, Affect, Nature. Waterloo: Wilfred Laurier UP, 2014. Print.
Johns-Putra, Adeline. “Care, Gender, and the Climate-Changed Future: Maggie Gee’s The Ice People.” Canavan, Gerry, and Kim Stanley Robinson, eds. Green Planets: Ecology and Science Fiction. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan, 2014. Print.
—. “Climate Change in Literature and Literary Studies: From Cli-Fi, Climate Change Theater, and Ecopoetry to Ecocriticism and Climate Change Criticism.” WIREs Climate Change 20 Jan. 2016. Web.
—. “Ecocriticism, Genre, and Climate Change: Reading the Utopian Vision of Kim Stanley Robinson’s Science in the Capital Trilogy.” English Studies 91.7 (2010): 744–60. Print.
—. “Historicizing the Networks of Ecology and Culture: Eleanor Anne Porden and Nineteenth-Century Climate Change.” Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment (2015): 1–20. Print.
—. “How ‘Cli-Fi’ Novels Humanize the Science of Climate Change.” New Statesman 28 Nov. 2015. Web.
—. “‘My Job is to Take Care of You’: Climate Change and Cormac McCarthy’s The Road.” Modern Fiction Studies 62.3 (2016): 519–40. Print.
Kainulainen, Maggie. “Saying Climate Change: Ethics of the Sublime and the Problem of Representation.” Symplokē 21.1–2 (2013): 109–23. Web.
Kaplan, E. Ann. Climate Trauma: Foreseeing the Future in Dystopian Film and Fiction. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 2016. Print.
Kara, Selmin. “Anthropocenema: Cinema in the Age of Mass Extinctions.” Post-Cinema: Theorizing 21st-Century Film. Ed. Shane Denson and Julia Leyda. Falmer: Reframe, 2016. E-book.
Klein, Naomi. The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism. New York: Knopf, 2007. Print.
—. This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate. New York: Penguin, 2014. Print.
Kollmorgen, Sarah. “Why are Climate Change Docs So Boring?” New Republic 22 Apr. 2015. Web.
Lakoff, Andrew. Disaster and the Politics of Intervention. New York: Columbia UP, 2010. Print.
LeMenager, Stephanie. Living Oil: Petroleum Culture in the American Century. New York: Oxford UP, 2014. Print.
Leikam, Susanne, and Julia Leyda, eds. “‘What’s in a Name?’: Cli-Fi and American Studies.” Extended forum of Amerikastudien/American Studies 62.1 (2017): 109–38. Print.
Lennard, Natasha. “Against a Dream Deferred.” New Inquiry 2 Feb. 2012. Web.
Lester, Libby. Media and Environment: Conflict, Politics and the News. Cambridge: Polity, 2010. Print.
Leyda, Julia, Kathleen Loock, Alexander Starre, Thiago Pinto Barbosa, and Manuel Rivera. “The Dystopian Impulse of Contemporary Cli-Fi: Lessons and Questions from a Joint Workshop of the IASS and the JFKI (FU Berlin).” Working Paper of the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies, Potsdam (Dec. 2016). Web and Print.
Leyda, Julia, and Diane Negra, eds. Extreme Weather and Global Media. New York: Routledge, 2014. Print.
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—. Don’t Even Think About It: Why Our Brains Are Wired to Ignore Climate Change. New York: Bloomsbury, 2014. Print.
Maslin, Mark. Climate: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2013. Print.
Maxwell, Richard, Jon Raundalen, and Nina Lager Vestberg, eds. Media and the Ecological Crisis. London: Routledge, 2014. Print.
Mauch, Christoph, and Sylvia Mayer, eds. American Environments: Climate, Cultures, Catastrophe. Heidelberg: Winter, 2012. Print.
Mayer, Sylvia. “Explorations of the Controversially Real: Risk, the Climate Change Novel, and the Narrative of Anticipation.” Mayer and Weik von Mossner, The Anticipation of Catastrophe 21–38. Print.
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Mayer, Sylvia, and Alexa Weik von Mossner. The Anticipation of Catastrophe: Environmental Risk in North American Literature and Culture. Heidelberg: Winter, 2014. Print.
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Julia Leyda is Associate Professor of Film Studies in the Faculty of Art and Media Studies at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim and Senior Research Fellow at the Graduate School for North American Studies at the John F. Kennedy Institute at the Freie Universität Berlin. She is the author of American Mobilities: Class, Race, and Gender in US Culture (2016). Julia Leyda has edited or co-edited several books, including Todd Haynes: Interviews (2014) and Extreme Weather and Global Media (with Diane Negra, 2015). Her current book projects center on the financialization of domestic space in 21st-century US screen culture and climate change narratives in fiction, film, and television.
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