“New Ways of Teaching English”—this title will raise expectations. How many “new” ways are there to teach a language? Task-based language learning, project work, cooperative learning, content-based instruction, and computer-assisted language learning or e-learning are just a few methodological approaches in the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom that can be highly beneficial for learners in developing their foreign language skills. On a more general level, these approaches also further intercultural communicative competence – including the knowledge, skills, and personal attitudes to communicate effectively and appropriately with people of other cultures.
Political cartoons are anything but innocent caricatures. They have been described as “a confrontational art form” (Oliphant 25), as “purposefully designed to elicit strong emotions and reactions from readers” (Long, Bunch, and Lloyd 651), and as “among the more extreme forms of expression” (Long, Bunch, and Lloyd 651). Stories abound with the harsh punishments endured by political cartoonists under oppressive regimes. One might even say that what allows liberal and conservative American cartoonists to feel any sense of solidarity with one another is their bond through the First Amendment and their belief in the democratic enterprise that is criticizing government.
Both Germany and the United States have made significant reforms over the last decade to their secondary school systems. This article compares the reforms focused on at-risk secondary school students in both countries and explores emerging trends in achievement and attainment data. The authors conclude that both countries have made significant education reforms and improved the educational results for at-risk students.